Last updated : 25/6/2020

Peste des petits ruminants

Supported by

Introduction

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease, caused by a morbillivirus closely related to rinderpest virus, which affects goats, sheep, and some wild relatives of domesticated small ruminants. In the worst situations, PPR-related morbidity is as high as 100%, with a mortality rate that can reach 90%. In areas where the disease is endemic, the mortality rate may be lower, but the disease has a more insidious impact on flock productivity. Each year, PPR causes economic losses worth an estimated USD 1.2 to 1.7 billion, due to animal deaths, reduced production and the cost of fighting the disease. Approximately a quarter of the financial impact occurs in South Asia.

The OIE and the FAO, in their joint Global Strategy for control and eradication of PPR, have set the goal of eradicating this disease by 2030. The Strategy includes several tools and components to be implemented through a step-wise approach to decreasing levels of epidemiological risk and increasing levels of prevention and control.

Latest situation in our region

  • PPR outbreaks map on WAHIS
  • PPR is one of the diseases for which the OIE established a procedure for the official recognition of free disease status of Member Countries and the endorsement of an official control programme. Today, seven members in our region are officially recognized as PPR free:
    • Australia
    • Chinese Taipei
    • Korea (Rep. of)
    • New Caledonia
    • New Zealand
    • Philippines
    • Singapore

More information here (official OIE statuses in respect of PPR).

Implementing the eradication strategy

To drive the PPR eradication effort on a global scale and effectively support countries in fighting the disease, FAO and OIE established a Joint PPR Secretariat in March 2016, which will oversee the implementation of the adopted PPR Global Control and Eradication Strategy (PPR GSCE).

In October 2016, an initial PPR Global Eradication Programme (PPR GEP) for 2017-2021, was launched by FAO and OIE to put the PPR GCES into action. The PPR GEP is a multi-country, multi-stage process that will decrease epidemiological risk levels and increase prevention and control.

Regional Activities

Regional Roadmap meetings

The transborder nature of PPR requires actions to be harmonised in all countries in the same region. Therefore, regional coordination is essential for a successful implementation of the Global Strategy. In our region, East Asia (ASEAN, China, Mongolia & Timor Leste) and South Asia (SARRC) are recognized as the two of the nine regions in which the progress towards eradication of PPR will be assessed in regional roadmap meetings. Regional action plans outline the control and eradication measures to be implemented at national and regional levels.

Strengthening Veterinary Services

The PPR Global Strategy recognizes that good quality Veterinary Services are indispensable for the successful and sustainable implementation of PPR (and other major Transboundary Animal Diseases) prevention and control activities.

Therefore, Veterinary Services’ capacity must be strengthened as a country moves forward. This in turn will create more cost-effective opportunities to control other priority diseases. This will be attained through appropriate combinations of activities such as vaccinations against PPR and other major diseases, epidemiological investigations, diagnostic activities and treatments.

The OIE PVS Pathway will serve to evaluate Veterinary Services’ compliance with OIE standards, to identify the cost of the gaps to be addressed for compliance and to address other issues such as veterinary laboratories, relevant legislation and education.

More information here (PVS Activities in the Region)

Activities of OIE Reference Laboratories

In Asia and the Pacific region, the OIE Reference Laboratory for PPR is located in China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (CAHEC), P.R.China, which can provide scientific and technical training for personnel from Member Countries and coordinate scientific and technical studies in collaboration with other laboratories or organisations, including through the OIE Laboratory Twinning programe. Since being recognized as the Reference Laboratory by OIE in 2014, it has organized training courses/technical workshops for members of the Asia-Pacific region every year, which has greatly strengthened disease diagnosis/surveillance capacity and implementation of control activities for our region.

International Standards on PPR

Other Resources and Materials on PPR