Neglected Zoonoses

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Introduction

Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases that are naturally transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. The transmission can be direct or indirect. Neglected zoonotic diseases are the zoonotic diseases that remain as the major causes of ill-health and mortality mainly in poor and marginalized populations in low-resource settings.
A cross-sectoral collaborative effort in both the human and animal health systems and a multidisciplinary approach that considers the complexities of ecosystems where humans and animals coexist are required to address neglected zoonotic diseases. To prevent and mitigate the occurrence in humans, diseases in their animal reservoirs should be targeted, controlled and eliminated, where feasible. This aids to improving not only public health safety, but also protecting animal health, enhancing food safety, improving animal welfare and reducing poverty.

List of 2019 OIE-listed neglected zoonotic diseases

  • Anthrax
  • Bovine tuberculosis (Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
  • Brucellosis
  • Rabies
  • Cysticercosis/ Taeniasis
  • Echinococcosis
  • Trypanosomosis

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