Asia Pacific Region is recognized as the top aquaculture producer in the world, covering almost 90% of world aquaculture production in 2008. Although aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sector, it must be intensified to satisfy the increasing global demand for protein-based foods. In fact, production volumes are exceeded those caught or harvested in the natural environment. The aquatic animals produced in aquaculture consist of fish, mollusks, crustaceans and amphibians. The production techniques used are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Genetic selection plays an important part in increasing productivity of aquaculture operations. As a result, trade in breeding stock and genetic material has become globalised along with exports of aquaculture products are also exported for human consumption. Those developments in aquaculture bring new aquatic animal disease risk and threats to the environment. Improve aquatic animal health worldwide is believed to help alleviate poverty and hunger.
OIE assists its members for better management of aquatic animal health and welfare through the OIE PVS pathway and associated initiatives, including the OIE PVS GAP Analaysis and PVS follow-up, Veterinary Legislation and Strengthening Programme, Twinning Programme, and OIE Veterinary Education initiatives.