Situational updates of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

Situational update of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

This African swine fever update covers the period from August 9 to 16, 2019. It is a summary of all Immediate Notifications (INs) and Follow-up reports (FURs) submitted to the OIE by countries in the region to report the occurrence of the disease since 2018. A classification of the affected population (by backyard and farmed swine, and wild boar) was made considering their different roles in the epidemiology of the disease.

New reports (IN/FUR) submitted to the OIE within the period in Asia and the Pacific

Cambodia:
FUR: the country notified that no new outbreaks occurred in the country within the period.

China (People’s Rep. of):
FUR: One new outbreak in Guangxi. The cases were detected in the Toll station exit of Qindong highway, Highway checkpoint for Animal health supervision.

Laos:
Three INs: the country reported the first occurrence of the disease in three administrative divisions (Huaphanh, Phongsaly, and Xiengkhong). The outbreaks in Huanphnh
Two FURs: notifying that no new outbreaks occurred within the previously affected administrative divisions.

Myanmar:
IN: reporting the first occurrence of the disease in the country. The event occurred in Shan State started the 1st of August and was confirmed the 9th. One outbreak was notified through this report. 
FUR: notifying one more outbreak in Shan state.

Russia:
FUR: notifying new outbreaks in Primorskiy Kray. Two outbreaks in wild boar and one in backyard swine.

No other country updated their ASF situation within the period covered by this report.
The distribution of the new reported outbreaks in the current period and the ongoing outbreaks is represented in the map (figure 1).

General situation of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

Since the 1st occurrence of ASF in China (People’s Rep. of)  in 1st of August, 2018, the disease has spread to Mongolia (January, 2019)., Vietnam (February, 2019), Cambodia (March, 2019), Hong Kong (SAR-PRC) (May, 2019), Korea (Dem. People’s Rep.) (May, 2019), Laos (June, 2019) and more recently, to Myanmar (August, 2019).

Russia reported the 1st occurrence of the disease in two administrative divisions bordering Heilongjiang, China (People’s Rep. of) in August 2019.

Cambodia: Since the first occurrence of the disease, 13 outbreaks have been reported in five different administrative divisions. All outbreaks have been reported as resolved. China (People’s Rep. of): Since the first occurrence in the country (August 1, 2018), 156 outbreaks have been reported in 31 different administrative divisions, from which 103 have been resolved. Currently, 53 outbreaks in 17 different administrative divisions are still ongoing in China (People’s Rep. of).

Hong Kong (SAR-PRC): Since the first occurrence of the disease on May 2, two outbreaks have been notified. The virus was detected in tissue samples collected from pigs in the slaughterhouse, as part of the surveillance system in place.

Korea (Dem. People's Rep.): the country notified the first occurrence of the disease in the country on May 30. No update has been submitted since then. 

Laos: since the first occurrence of ASF in the country on June 20, 18 outbreaks have been reported in six different administrative divisions. All outbreaks are still ongoing. Myanmar: the disease was first reported in the country on August 14 (the event started August 1, 2019). Two outbreaks have been reported in Shan State. Both are still ongoing.

Mongolia: All ASF events have been resolved. In total, 11 outbreaks occurred in the country since first occurrence in January 2019.

Russia: the disease was reported in Russia for the first time in 2007. However, the disease was contained in the European part of the country. Most recently, the disease was notified in two new administrative divisions (Amurskaya Oblast and Primorskiy Kray) bordering China (People’s Rep. of). There are currently five ongoing outbreaks in the Asian part of the country. To have a view of the total outbreaks ongoing in the country, please refer to the latest global update on ASF in the OIE website here

Vietnam: In total, 6,082 outbreaks have been notified in 62 administrative divisions since the first occurrence of the disease in the country (February 1, 2019). None of these outbreaks have been reported as resolved. Clusters of up to 447 outbreaks have been reported in the country.The impact of African swine fever in Asia since August 2018 is detailed in table 1. It shows the total outbreaks, administrative divisions affected and cumulative number of animal losses (backyard and farmed swine) by country.


OIE African Swine Fever portal is here.   OIE has been publishing ASF reports on bi-weekly basis on the website.   Please refer to WAHIS for the latest information.