Situational updates of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

Situational update of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

This African swine fever update covers the period from October 11 - 17, 2019. It is a summary of all Immediate Notifications (INs) and Follow-up reports (FURs) submitted to the OIE by countries in the region to report the occurrence of the disease since 2018. A classification of the affected population (by backyard and farmed swine, and wild boar) was made considering their different roles in the epidemiology of the disease.

 

New reports (IN/FUR) submitted to the OIE within the period in Asia and the Pacific

Korea (Rep. of):

-          FUR: reporting one new outbreak affecting farmed swine in the Gyeonggi-Do province. This report is available here.

The distribution of the new reported outbreaks in the current period and the ongoing outbreaks is represented in the map (figure 1).

 

General situation of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

Since the 1st occurrence of ASF in China (People’s Rep. of)  in 1st of August, 2018, the disease has spread to Mongolia (January, 2019)., Vietnam (February, 2019), Cambodia (March, 2019), Hong Kong (SAR-PRC) (May, 2019), Korea (Dem. People’s Rep.) (May, 2019), Laos (June, 2019), Myanmar (August, 2019), Philippines (July, 2019), Korea (Rep. of) (September, 2019), and most recently, Timor-Leste (September, 2019). Moreover, Russia reported an ASF event in the East side of the country (bordering China (People’s Rep. of)), in August 2019.

Cambodia: since the first occurrence of the disease, 13 outbreaks have been reported in five different administrative divisions. All outbreaks have been reported as resolved.

China (People’s Rep. of): since the first occurrence in the country (August 1, 2018), 159 outbreaks have been reported in 31 different administrative divisions, from which 103 have been resolved. Currently, 39 outbreaks in 9 different administrative divisions are still ongoing in China (People’s Rep. of).

Hong Kong (SAR-PRC): since the first occurrence of the disease on May 2, three outbreaks have been notified. The virus was detected in tissue samples collected from pigs in the slaughterhouse, as part of the surveillance system in place. All the ASF events in the country have been resolved.

Korea (Dem. People's Rep. of): notified the first occurrence of the disease in the country on May 30. No update has been submitted since then. 

Korea (Rep. of): the country reported the first occurrence of the disease on September 18. Fourteen outbreaks are currently ongoing in the country. Two administrative divisions have been affected (Gyeonggi-Do and Incheon Metropolitan City).

Laos: since the first occurrence of ASF in the country on June 20, 141 outbreaks have been reported in seventeen different administrative divisions. All outbreaks are still ongoing.

Myanmar: the disease was first reported in the country on August 14 (the event started August 1, 2019). Four outbreaks have been reported in Shan State. All are still ongoing.

Mongolia: all ASF events have been resolved. In total, 11 outbreaks occurred in the country since first occurrence in January 2019.

Philippines: on September 9, the country notified the first occurrence of the disease. Seven outbreaks are currently ongoing. The event started on July 25 but was only confirmed on August 30.

Russia: the disease was reported in Russia for the first time in 2007. Most recently, the disease was notified in three new administrative divisions (Amurskaya Oblast, Primorskiy Kray, and Yevreyskaya Avtonomnaya Oblast) bordering China (People’s Rep. of). Fifty-three outbreaks have been reported within this ASF event. There are currently 30 ongoing outbreaks in the Asian part of the country. To have a view of the total outbreaks ongoing in the country, please refer to the latest OIE global update on ASF here.  

Timor Leste: the disease first occurred in the country on September 09 and was confirmed on September 26. A cluster of 100 outbreaks are currently ongoing in Dili Municipality.

Vietnam: in total, 6 083 outbreaks have been notified in 63 administrative divisions since the first occurrence of the disease in the country (February 1, 2019). None of these outbreaks have been reported as resolved. Clusters of up to 447 outbreaks have been reported in the country.

The impact of African swine fever in Asia since 2018 is detailed in table 1. It shows the total outbreaks, administrative divisions affected and cumulative number of animal losses (backyard and farmed swine) by country.

NOTE: The losses are calculated based on the sum of dead and culled animals in the infected farm or backyard premises notified within the outbreaks. However, the OIE does not collect quantitative information on additional control measures applied in response to the outbreaks (for example preventative culling in a zone around an outbreak.

OIE African Swine Fever portal is here.   OIE has been publishing ASF reports on bi-weekly basis on the website.   Please refer to WAHIS for the latest information.