Activities related to Emerging Diseases

Joint FAO/OIE Workshop on Swine Disease Control in Asia (Beijing, P.R. China, 18-20 November 2014)

Pig industry is not only an important component of regional agriculture and a key source of income for farmers, but also a big stabilizer for global food security. Asia accounts for almost 60% of pig raising and 56% of pork supply in the world. As the demand for pork and its products in Asia grows, a number of swine diseases are reported in the region, e.g., Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Classical Swine Fever (CSF), Highly Pathogenic Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (HP-PRRS) and Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED). Current dynamics of African Swine Fever (ASF) are posing a growing risk of its introduction into Asia. The socio-economic impact of pig diseases has become more significant than ever.

OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific and FAO Regional office for Asia and the Pacific co-organized the Joint FAO/OIE Workshop on Swine Disease Control in Asia from 18 to 20 November 2014 in Beijing, China to address the current situation and challenges of regional pig industry and swine disease control. Particular objectives of the workshop were to share information on swine disease status, control measures and successful experiences, as well as to identify main gaps and to find a way forward on swine disease control in the Region.

The workshop was officially opened by the remarks of Dr Zhang Zhongqiu, China delegate to the OIE, DG of Veterinary Bureau of Ministry of Agriculture, China. Total of 46 participants attended the workshop, including seven senior experts from the Region, EU, FAO and OIE, as well as 29 participants from members in Southeast Asia and East Asia. Each session included presentations from experts for each disease (ASF, swine FMD, PRRS, CSF and PED), and country presentations to share their experiences and lessons-leant to control of those diseases.

Participants from members were requested to prepare Country Report in advance, and OIE RRAP presented the summary of collected information in the meeting. Backyard Pig farming is dominant in most of members, while it is more commercialised in some members. Among 14 participating members, most of them reported that FMD in swine, CSF and PRRS are notifiable diseases. National surveillance plan and compulsory vaccination are applied for FMD and CSF in most members but less likely for other diseases and in other members.

The workshop encouraged members to fulfill their obligations of reporting swine diseases to OIE so that information sharing and communication among stake holders can be enhanced. It also underlined the importance that a control strategy and action plan for swine diseases be developed at national, sub-regional and regional levels under the guidance of FAO and OIE. Preparedness for emerging, re-emerging and exotic diseases like ASF was particularly highlighted through developing contingency and surveillance plan as well as conducting training and regular risk assessment.

Participants were invited to visit to China Animal Disease Control Center, OIE Reference Laboratory for PRRS, where possible technical assistance and future collaboration were discussed.

The workshop was partially funded by voluntary contribution from Government of China to World animal Health and Welfare Fund.



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