Activities related to Emerging Diseases

APHCA-OIE Regional Workshop on Zoonoses, Food-borne Diseases and Antimicrobial Resistance, Thimphu, Bhutan, 24-25 Sept 2013

The OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacific (OIE RRAP) has a longstanding cooperative relationship with Animal Production and Health Commission of Asia (APHCA), which consists of 18 members all of whom other than Samoa are also OIE members.  This regional workshop was co-hosted as one of the successive joint activities undertaken by APHCA and OIE RRAP since 1993, taking the opportunity of the 37th APHCA Animal Session.  In addition to 14 APHCA members attending the APHCA Session, representatives of R.O.Korea and Vietnam attended the Workshop, invited by the OIE.  

Dr Dirk Pfeiffer made a keynote presentation titled “Zoonotic and Food-borne Disease Challenges in a Globalized World.”  Beginning with the increasing demand for and international movement of foods of animal origin, he reviewed the recent emergence of zoonotic diseases and their threat, stressing the importance of an integrated approach to research and policy development.  

Country reports on zoonoses were provided by Bhutan, Vietnam and SPC.  In addition to its efforts in controlling rabies in stray dogs, especially in the country’s south, Bhutan provided comprehensive information on avian influenza, anthrax, salmonella, E. coli and brucellosis.  It was stated that not much study had been made for salmonella, brucellosis, tuberculosis and food-borne paracitoses.  SPC provided a report on behalf of 26 member countries.  One of the problems noted was the lack of veterinary resources.  The report of Vietnam was mostly about its control of rabies.  The vaccination rate has been increased, which, along with stray dog capturing, has contributed to a reduction, though not dramatic, in human bite cases. 

FAO, the OIE and the WHO made presentations about their regional activities related to zoonoses and food-borne diseases.   In addition to the regional GF-TADs framework and regional annual tripartite One Health workshops since 2010, the OIE RRAP spoke about the OIE National Focal Point mechanism and regional training seminars, especially for veterinary products and for animal production food safety. Regarding the former, it was clarified that the last Focal Point seminar, held in 2012, included substantial discussion on monitoring of antimicrobial use and surveillance of resistant bacteria based on the OIE standards.  Regarding the latter, the regional situation and concerns about food-borne diseases were presented based on the country reports analysis conducted at the 2012 seminar. 

Management of antimicrobial use and resistance, and possible alternatives for antimicrobials, were also discussed.  Dr Jaap Wagenaar, University of Utrecht, OIE RL of Campylobacter, spoke about the experience of intervention and response in The Netherlands.  Dr Elisabeth Erlacher-Vindel provided a thorough explanation about the FAO-OIE-WHO Tripartite approach and OIE activities on AMR, including a project of monitoring of the use of antimicrobial agents in animal production. During the discussion it was mentioned that the tripartite approach and recommendations of the OIE Global conference on antimicrobial resistance also need to be implemented in the region.  Dr Kazuhiro Hirayama, University of Tokyo, OIE CC for Food Safety, informed the participants about his research on bacteriocins (antibacterial peptides produced by bacteria), probiotic bacteria and commensal microbiota as possible alternatives for antimicrobials.



Photo Gallery

A Tripartite approach to containing antimicrobial resistance on global level

Activities of OIE on Zoonoses and Food-borne disease in the Asia-Pacific Region